Science and Technology syllabus
In this article, we are going to discuss the trend and analysis of Science and technology in UPSC in details.
UPSC conducted into three stages I.e., prelims, mains and interview in which prelims conducted as objective paper and mains conducted as descriptive paper. And both section differs in the syllabus of Science and Technology in UPSC. First, we discuss the trend and analysis of this subject in the exam then we will discuss syllabus and strategy.
Analysis of Science and Technology in UPSC.
This picture clearly defines the importance of Science and Technology in UPSC.
– By this, we can analyze that maximum 10-12 questions asked from this section.
– It means prelims cover 10-12% syllabus from that portion which in itself define its importance.
– Most of the topics are based on environmental issues like global warming.
– Any scientific development and technology which invented and affect in India and the world are very important for UPSC.
Syllabus of Science and Technology
A. In Preliminary
1. Evolution of the Earth
Geological Time Scale: Hadean, Archean, Proterozoic & Phanerozoic;
Phanerozoic Eon: Paleozoic Era, Mesozoic Era & Cenozoic Era
The Universe, Big Bang Theory, Dark Energy, Gravitational waves Star Formation (Stellar Evolution or Life Cycle Of A Star) Solar System Formation: Nuclear Disc Model (neo-Laplacian model) Sun’s Internal Structure and Atmosphere, Solar Wind Planets of the Solar System & Other Solar System Objects Kepler’s laws, Satellite Orbits, Launch Vehicles PSLV & GSLV
Cell Organelles (Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell)
Carbohydrate (Monosaccharides, Polysaccharides)
Proteins (Amino Acid, Enzymes)
Vitamins and Minerals –Deficiency Diseases
Fats (Healthy Fats and Unhealthy Fats)
Animal Tissues – Epithelium, Connective Tissues Human
Digestive System (Digestive Glands)
Respiratory System – NCERT
Endocrine Glands and Hormones
Human Neural System (Human Brain Muscular and Skeletal System
Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA, Recombinant DNA Mitosis, Cell Cycle, Cell Division Meiosis, Mitosis – Meiosis Comparison
Inheritance – Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance Chromosomal Theory, Human Genome Project Sex Determination, Genetic Disorders Diseases Caused by Microorganisms Microbes In Human Welfare, Useful Microbes
Immunity (Human Immune System AIDS, Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome)
Cancer (Causes of Cancer – NCERT Drugs and Alcohol Abuse – NCERT)
Diseases (Acute, Chronic, Communicable Diseases)
Blood (Blood Groups, Formed Elements)
Circulatory System (Double Circulation)
Excretory System (Kidney, Urine Formation)
Origin and Evolution of Life on Earth Biological Classification – General Science
Five Kingdom Classification of Plants and Animals Plant Parts and Their Functions
Plant Kingdom – Thallophytes (Algae) – Bryophytes – Pteridophytes Plants with Seeds – Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Plant Tissue – Meristematic – Simple, Complex Permanent Tissue
Plant Nutrition – Photosynthesis, Nitrogen Cycle, Fixation Sexual and Asexual Reproduction in Plants Classification of
Animal Kingdom (Animalia) Classification of Vertebrata (Phylum Chordata) Human
Reproductive System Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering – Processes and Applications Insectivorous Plants of India: Drosera, Pitcher Plant, Utricularia Precision Farming, Geoinformatics for Precision Farming
Application-based chemistry, Food chemistry, Fuels, and polymers, Biometric systems, Chemical changes in matter, Radioactive elements, Carbon dating, Nuclear energy, Neutrons, Heavy water, Nuclear reactors locations in India, Elements and compounds
Light, Sound,Heat, Electromagnetic radiation, Electricity, Magnetism, Newton’s Law, Gravitation, Big Bang Theory, Higgs Boson, Dark energy, Dark matter, Graphene, Forces in nature and naturally occurring phenomenon, Rotation and revolution of the earth, Recent phenomenon
6. Current affairs of Science and Technology
Latest scientific developments in India and World. Recent achievements of Technology
B. Mains syllabus
It covers under GS paper 3
GS paper 3 ( Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
* Science and Technology- Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.
* Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology; Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology.
* Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.
* Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment
Books and sources
1. Standard NCERT books of Science of class 8, 9 and 10.
2. Daily newspaper and current affairs
3. Science Reporter magazine.
Tips to study Science and Technology
1. If you are a beginner, initiate your preparation with the dose of NCERT of class 7 to 10.
2. Solve previous year questions and give mock tests.
3. Mostly focus on the section of biology and especially “Biotechnology”. Most of the question asked from these sections.
4. Read recent scientific achievements and development.
5. Follow monthly magazine to keep yourself updated.